Seeking a deep throat

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Seeking a deep throat

Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. However, the collection procedures for NPS specimens causes sneezing and coughing in most patients, which generate droplets or aerosol particles that are hazardous to the healthcare workers collecting these specimens. The rates of detection for DTS It is important to note that the patients should be clearly instructed or supervised during DTS collection.

Seeking a deep throat

As saliva could be collected by the patients themselves, it could reduce the nosocomial transmission risk to healthcare workers. To collect DTS samples, patients were provided clear instructions to collect saliva from the deep throat posterior oropharyngeal in a sterile sputum container. Statistical analyses were performed using the MedCalc statistical software version With regard to the correlation, the overall agreement between the two sampling methods was There were 75 concordant samples and 20 discordant samples between the two specimen types evaluated.

All negative samples from the discordant pairs could be considered as low viral load positive samples, except sample 70 from patient AY, which exhibited negative DTS and positive NPS C t value Nasopharyngeal specimens, either from nasopharyngeal aspirates NPA or NPS, are the recommended specimen type for the detection of respiratory viruses.

The collection of NPS, Seeking a deep throat less invasive than NPA, may cause patients to cough, thus increasing the risk to healthcare workers. However, dramatically increasing NPS collection would increase the nosocomial transmission risk to healthcare workers who undertake the specimen collection. The detection rate of DTS samples DTS specimens can be easily provided by the patient and do not require healthcare workers for their collection. Furthermore, because of the sudden increase in the of laboratory tests, DTS provides an alternative that could alleviate the global shortages for swabs and personal protective equipment.

The lone outlying pair may be explained by a discrepancy in the quality of the NPS and DTS samples, which differed in their collection methods, since the NPS samples were collected by trained healthcare personnel, while DTS samples were collected by the patients themselves. When the suitability of DTS for testing was evaluated, it was observed that the quality of samples could be dependent on the patient's understanding of the collection procedure for deep throat posterior oropharyngeal saliva.

In addition to clear patient instructions, it is also recommended that a nurse should be present to supervise during the collection process. By using DTS samples, mass screening could be implemented as the returnees are required to collect their own specimens and thus, could also prevent crowding at the sample collection centers. To enhance the flexibility of laboratory testing strategies, vendors should include DTS as an alternative validated specimen type. Seeking a deep throat are several limitations to this study. The authors declare that there are no conflict of interests.

Eddie Leung carried out the experiments, performed the analysis and drafted the manuscript. Viola Chow and Dr. May Lee contributed to the interpretation of the .

Seeking a deep throat

Raymond Lai conceptualized and supervised the project. All authors discussed the and contributed to the final manuscript. J Med Virol. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Author information Article notes Copyright and information Disclaimer. Corresponding author. : kh.

Seeking a deep throat

It can be used for unrestricted research re-use and analysis in any form or by any means with acknowledgement of the original source, for the duration of the public health emergency. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Open in a separate window. World Health Organisation. N Engl J Med. Accuracy and discomfort of different types of intranasal specimen collection methods for molecular influenza testing in emergency department patients. Ann Emerg Med. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Influenza specimen collection reference guide. Accessed at 16 June Clin Microbiol Infect.

Lancet Infect Dis. J Infect. Consistent detection of novel coronavirus in saliva. Clin Infect Dis. Support Center Support Center. External link. Please review our privacy policy.

Seeking a deep throat

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