Down to earth chick looking

Added: Lakeeta Lanier - Date: 07.12.2021 19:44 - Views: 45039 - Clicks: 4285

Some poultry companies have refused to buy the batches of chicken for which they had ed buyback contracts with farmers. This has underlined how the present model of contract poultry farming makes the farmers vulnerable when confronting large poultry companies otherwise known as integrators. In Alibag, the excuse these companies give for not accepting the contracted batches of birds is that they are on a 'hatching holiday' to bridge the gap between supply and negligible demand.

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But the farmers are helpless, because they cannot enforce the contract. The problem with the present model of contract farming is that the farmers can actually do little if companies violate their contracts. Given that the companies are powerful and hold the right cards, few poultry farmers dare to speak against the companies, because at the end they have to go back to them for chicks to breed. So while the companies can refuse to buy back the birds, as they have done, the farmers are not free to sell their birds elsewhere.

Reality check With over poultry farms and a bird population of 10 lakh, the poultry industry in Alibag is the main source of income for over 5, people. More than 60 per cent of the poultry business in Alibag runs on contracts under the aegis of large integrators such as Venkateshwara Hatcheries vhGodrej Agrovet Ltd gal and Premium Hatcheries and Farms Ltd phfl.

Most farmers opt for contracts out of desperation. I incurred a loss of Rs 80, and had no money to buy fresh chicks," says a poultry farmer from Alibag. This year, following the company's refusal to buy back, he has again incurred a loss to the tune of RsPatil has killed his 5, birds a few weeks back since there were no buyers and keeping the birds alive would have just meant more expenses on feeding.

The options are watching the birds peck each other to death or die of hunger. Setting up a poultry business on their own is beyond the capacity of Alibag's small farmers, particularly since banks are reluctant to support them. That is why the large poultry companies, as Patil says, "now control the entire market, right from supplying the chicks, to the feeds and the medicines; contract poultry farmers merely conform to the rules Down to earth chick looking by these companies".

Down to earth chick looking

The contract According to the contract farming system, all the farmers involved are to an month contract with the company. The agreement, is actually a buyback contract, under which the company has to supply one-day-old chicks, medicines and feed to the poultry farmers free and buy back the birds when they are ready. The farmer, in turn, rears the chicks and pays for electricity, water, labour and poultry sheds. Payment is made on the basis of feed-conversion ratio fcrwhich means a chick has to grow to a minimum weight of 1.

The penalty or bonus may range from 20 to 25 paise per kg," says Ganesh Puro, a large poultry farmer in Alibag. The final payment is made on the basis of the weight attained by the ready bird, which may fetch between Rs 2.

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The deal On the face of it, the deal sounds fair. Variables such as water and electricity are major hindrances for the farmer. The companies thus supply medicines, but the quality is often poor and is hardly of any help. Besides, the one-day-old chicks need a regulated temperature electrical power ranging from one to two watts during the initial days for proper growth. But recurrent power cuts in Alibag -- minimum six hours every day -- force the farmers to opt for expensive energy modes like lpg cylinders to maintain the poultry temperature," says Pandav.

None of these are factored into the contract. Nor are acts of god -- like avian flu. There are also allegations of sharp practices. At times, companies supply chicks weighing only gm, though the ideal weight is 40 gm. The companies don't even specify the minimum protein and energy level in the feed supply. All these affect the final fcr. But farmers can do little about it, as the contract does not specify standards for the quality of chicks and feeds supplied by the companies.

Down to earth chick looking

The output "What we get at the end is Rs 2. The net income in 35 days of breeding is Rs 2," he says. Under contract farming, poultry farmers are left with no option to make the market work for them: high demand does not benefit them, and they cannot sell birds weighing less than 1. The only benefit they enjoy is the assurance that the birds will be bought back by the company, without fail. But with the companies reneging in Alibag, that assurance has also Down to earth chick looking lost.

Sources in the poultry industry admit that the present model of contract farming system is biased and favours large companies. But contract farming is the only way ahead for the poultry business in India, they say.

Others differ. Officials of gal and phfl could not be contacted for comment, despite repeated attempts. If changes are not made soon, poultry farmers may the ranks of cotton, tomato and onion farmers who have committed suicide in Maharashtra in larger s.

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Down to earth chick looking

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